By Brian Hayden
Early hunter/gatherer societies have frequently been thought of primarily egalitarian in nature. This assumption, even though, has been challenged via modern archaeolgical and anthropological learn, which has tested that lots of those societies had advanced social, financial, and political buildings. This quantity considers British Columbia local groups - the Lillooet and Shuswap groups of Fountain and Pavilion - and lines their improvement to complicated societies. The authors discover the relation among source features and hunter/gatherer variations and look at using fish, animal, and plant species, documenting their availability and the recommendations utilized in their collecting, processing, and storing. The ebook additionally indicates how cultural practices, reminiscent of raiding, potlatching, and stewardship of assets, should be defined from a cultural ecological standpoint. a major contribution to the examine of looking and collecting cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this booklet is the main particular exam of the subsistence base of a specific searching and accumulating workforce so far. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced searching and accumulating societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, might make a huge contribution to the examine of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. an immense contribution to the learn of searching and accumulating cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this publication is the main particular exam of the subsistence base of a specific searching and accumulating crew up to now. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced searching and accumulating societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, will make a tremendous contribution to the research of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. "Brian Hayden is a professor within the division of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University.".
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Extra resources for A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use
Kennedy and Bouchard (1978) specifically deal with this group in their Introduction 25 earlier ethnographic summary as well as in their chapter for this volume. Oral traditions recorded at the turn of the century indicate that in early times the Lillooet may have only occupied the west side of the Fraser River (Teit 1906:200, 253). Through intermarriage, the Fountain Band on the east side of the river became a mixture of Shuswap and Lillooet-speaking families. This process continued in more recent times.
It provides a still more detailed overview of all the variations in fishing technology employed by the Lillooet. Chapter 7, by Rob Tyhurst, extends and completes the inventory of fishing sites for the core study area and raises important issues about other possible prehistoric fish exploitation sites in the core study area. The bulk of Chapter 7, however, examines resource exploitation and ownership in the Alpine and Montane Parkland zones, providing specific site locations as well as general criteria used for selecting camping and extraction sites.
While it is important to document absolute abundance in order to understand the nature and limits of the resource base, the effective access to the resource via technology and procurement sites is equally important. This determines the actual amount of a resource that families can obtain. Physical access, technology, and harvested amounts of fish are dealt with by Romanoff and by Kennedy and Bouchard (Chapters 5 and 6). Quantitative data for these same variables are more difficult to obtain for hunted animals and gathered plant resources.
A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use by Brian Hayden