New PDF release: A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2

By Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

In the second one quantity of his vintage exploration of the Spanish-Jewish neighborhood, Baer covers such significant ancient occasions because the Spanish Inquisition and the Expulsion of the Jews from Spain. This paintings examines the impact of church coverage at the Jewish inhabitants within the fifteenth century, and the issues at which Jewish tradition as a complete was once altered via Spain’s actions.

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Extra info for A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2

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In 1367 the whole community was accused of having bought the Christians’ consecrated host. A thief who was caught con­ fessed to the king’s son Don Juan and his advisers that he had stolen a silver pyx containing consecrated bread, and sold the stolen goods to Jews in Barcelona. The name of the chief buyer he gave as that of a certain Jew, Provençal de Piera. The lat­ ter broke down under torture and “confessed” that he had bought the sacred articles and sold them to a Jew by the name of Astruc Biona, who was related to R.

Sheshet) Unlike the municipal constitution, the takkanoth defined for the judges a status equally important with that of the neëmanim. This was due to the specifically religious charac­ ter of the aljama. The posts of the neëmanim and of the court are the most important in the aljama, and those appointed to them are always the greatest men in the community. It is custom­ ary to appoint even more important men to these posts if the appointments are made at the time of the election of The Thirty.

R. Isaac b. Sheshet’s responsa on the constitution of the Barcelona aljama indicate that the leaders tried to extend the scope of their jurisdiction by diverse means. Instead of the legal elections under the takkanoth of 1327, they instituted a system which jurists call electio per compromissarios (elec­ tions by arbitrators). In essence, all these intrigues reveal the usual symptoms of a corrupt oligarchy. The meek and humble pietists, the poor, and the artisans, who constituted the majority of the Jewish population, could not long recon­ cile themselves to such a situation.

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A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Vol. 2 by Yitzhak Baer, Louis Schoffman, Benjamin R. Gampel

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