By Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall
Initially released as Eine kurze Geschichte der deutschen Philosophie. Translated by way of Steven Rendall
This concise yet finished ebook presents an unique heritage of German-language philosophy from the center a long time to this present day. In an available narrative that explains complicated rules in transparent language, Vittorio Hösle lines the evolution of German philosophy and describes its valuable effect on different facets of German tradition, together with literature, politics, and technology.
Starting with the medieval mystic Meister Eckhart, the booklet addresses the philosophical alterations led to through Luther's Reformation, after which offers a close account of the classical age of German philosophy, together with the paintings of Leibniz and Kant; the increase of a brand new kind of humanities in Lessing, Hamann, Herder, and Schiller; the early Romantics; and the Idealists Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. the subsequent chapters examine the cave in of the German synthesis in Schopenhauer, Feuerbach, Marx, and Nietzsche. Turning to the 20th century, the e-book explores the increase of analytical philosophy in Frege and the Vienna and Berlin circles; the root of the historic sciences in Neo-Kantianism and Dilthey; Husserl's phenomenology and its radical alteration through Heidegger; the Nazi philosophers Gehlen and Schmitt; and the most West German philosophers, together with Gadamer, Jonas, and people of the 2 Frankfurt faculties. Arguing that there has been a particular German philosophical culture from the mid-eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, the ebook closes by way of reading why that culture mostly resulted in the a long time after global warfare II.
A philosophical heritage outstanding for its scope, brevity, and lucidity, this is often a useful e-book for college kids of philosophy and an individual drawn to German highbrow and cultural history.
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Extra info for A Short History of German Philosophy
He was not himself an original philosopher, but he translated Aristotle (from the Latin) and Boethius into Old High German, in the process helping to standardize its spelling. We recognize in his work the first steps toward a German language for academic purposes, even though Notker’s was a language that capriciously mixed Latin and Old High German. Early on we find works of popular science in Middle High German—around 1190, the “Lucidarius” (Donor of Light), a work in prose that disseminated knowledge of theology and the natural sciences.
His studies in the history of law permitted him to declare that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery before Lorenzo Valla did the same. And he laid the foundation for his later career through activities at the Council of Basel, where he initially supported the conciliarists who set the council’s authority over that of the pope; but in 1436 changed sides. His first work, De concordantia catholica (On Catholic Concordance), published in 1433, defended the conciliarist position: that the council could depose a pope who violated his duties.
12 Chapter 1 my motive is personal. I was born and grew up in Italy, learned German as a foreign language, and a large part of my youth, in which I benefited from a Lutheran training in religion, was spent enthusiastically appropriating German language, literature, philosophy, and human sciences. Having in the meantime become an American married to a Korean, for more than a decade I have been living and teaching at the leading Catholic university in the United States. My perspective on Germany is no longer an internal one, but rather that of a foreigner who wants to understand two things: what factors helped German philosophy rise to be one of the two most fascinating in human history, and how, despite this philosophical tradition, the moral and political catastrophe of 1933–1945 could happen.
A Short History of German Philosophy by Vittorio Hösle, Steven Rendall