Feminist Theory

Analyzing oppression by Ann E. Cudd PDF

By Ann E. Cudd

ISBN-10: 0195187431

ISBN-13: 9780195187434

ISBN-10: 019518744X

ISBN-13: 9780195187441

Analyzing Oppression provides a brand new, built-in idea of social oppression, which tackles the basic query that no idea of oppression has satisfactorily responded: if there is not any usual hierarchy between people, why are a few circumstances of oppression so chronic? Cudd argues that the reason lies within the coercive co-opting of the oppressed to affix of their personal oppression. This solution units the level for research in the course of the e-book, because it explores the questions of the way and why the oppressed take part their oppression. Cudd argues that oppression is an institutionally established damage perpetrated on social teams via different teams utilizing direct and oblique fabric, financial, and mental strength. one of the most crucial and insidious of the oblique forces is an monetary strength that operates via oppressed folks' personal rational offerings. This strength constitutes the relevant function of study, and the publication argues that this strength is principally insidious since it conceals the very fact of oppression from the oppressed and from others who will be sympathetic to their plight. The oppressed come to think that they endure own failings and this trust seems to be to absolve society from accountability.
whereas on Cudd's view oppression is grounded in fabric exploitation and actual deprivation, it can't be lengthy sustained with no corresponding mental forces. Cudd examines the direct and oblique mental forces that generate and maintain oppression. She discusses concepts that teams have used to withstand oppression and argues that each one folks have an ethical accountability to withstand ultimately. within the concluding bankruptcy Cudd proposes an idea of freedom that will be attainable for people in a global that's actively opposing oppression, arguing that freedom for every person is just attainable once we in achieving freedom for all others.

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Intentional explanations are commonplace in everyday life. Indeed, understanding each other in this way might even be said to be required in order to engage in everyday human conversation (Davidson 1984; Pettit and Smith 1996). We have lots of practice examining our own and each others’ beliefs and desires; we have no trouble at all accepting that we are moved by them. And if we are convinced that we have our beliefs or desires wrong, we will, for the most part, attempt to change them. One reason, then, to prefer intentional explanations of behavior is because they are relatively straightforward and simple.

The third criterion of adequacy for a theory of oppression is that it must point in the direction of a resolution or a reduction of oppression. I take this to be a necessary criterion because oppression is, by my definition, an injustice caused by (at least in part) social institutions. If the theory cannot provide a means by which oppression can be reduced, then either the theory must deny that it is unjust (perhaps locating the harm in a natural and inevitable feature of humans) or fail to give an adequate causal account of its maintenance.

In employing this psychological theory, my account of oppression is, I think, unique. Likewise, this criterion tells against classical or Marxist economic theories, except as the latter have been reinterpreted and remodeled on the basis of modern economic and game theory. My analysis of the material forces of oppression in chapter 5 will employ game theory, especially bargaining theory, and other concepts from neoclassical economic theory and institutional economics. The psychological and economic theories must be fully consistent with each other, and they have to be able to explain all the psychological and economic manifestations of various cases of oppression.

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Analyzing oppression by Ann E. Cudd

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